first of all, it is ignorant at best and devious at worst to deny institutional racism in america. for example:
http://maamodt.asp.r...ex and Race.htm
For non-Hispanic Whites, the poverty
rate increased to 9.9 percent in 2010
from 9.4 percent in 2009, while the
number in poverty increased to 19.6
million from 18.5 million (Table 4).
The poverty rate for non-Hispanic
Whites was lower than the poverty
rates for other racial groups. Non-
Hispanic Whites accounted for 42.4
percent of the people in poverty, but
64.5 percent of the total population.
For Blacks, the poverty rate increased
to 27.4 percent in 2010, up from 25.8
percent in 2009, while the number in
poverty increased to 10.7 million from
9.9 million. For Asians, the 2010 poverty
rate and the number in poverty
(12.1 percent and 1.7 million) were
not statistically different from 2009.
However, the poverty rate increased
for Hispanics to 26.6 percent in 2010
from 25.3 in 2009, and the number of
Hispanics in poverty increased
^^college educated black people were twice as likely to be unemployed as white people in 2009
-- Black youth with no prior admissions were six times more likely (and Latino youth were three times more likely) to be incarcerated in public facilities than white youth with no prior admissions when charged with the same offense.
Since 1991, 218 people have been exonerated through DNA testing, and in more than three-quarters of the cases, mistaken eyewitness identifications were crucial in the wrongful convictions, according to The Innocence Project, a legal group that has sought genetic testing and led the charge to free innocent inmates.
Of those, nearly half, roughly seven dozen, involved a person of one race wrongly identifying someone of a different color.
- In 2011, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 685,724 times.
605,328 were totally innocent (88 percent).
350,743 were black (53 percent).
223,740 were Latino (34 percent).
61,805 were white (9 percent).
341,581 were aged 14-24 (51 percent).
- In the first six months of 2012, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 337,434 times
298,919 were totally innocent (89 percent).
179,449 were black (53 percent).
107,812 were Latino (32 percent).
31,891 were white (9 percent).
Apart from crowding prisons, one result is a devastating impact on the lives of black men: they are nearly 12 times as likely to be imprisoned for drug convictions as adult white men, according to the Human Rights Watch report.
The scale of racial disparity with the criminal justice system is shocking. African-Americans are incarcerated at a rate of nearly 6 (5.6) times the rate of whites. The Sentencing Project, Uneven Justice: State Rates of Incarceration by Race and Ethnicity 3 (2007). One in three (32%) of black males can expect to serve time in prison at some time in their lives, Hispanic males have a 17% chance and white males have a 6% chance.
While there may be some disagreement as to all causes of the disparity, is beyond dispute that the so-called war on drugs is a major contributor. African-Americans constitute 14% of monthly drug users, Hispanic 12.4%, and whites 69.2%. These rates generally reflect the social and ethnic distribution of the general population of the United States. Thus, drug use patterns in this country does not account for the racial disparity in the criminal justice system. Nevertheless, African-Americans who use drugs are more likely to be arrested than any other group. Even though only 14% of the nation’s population, they represent 37% of those arrested for a drug offense. The Sentencing Project, A 25 year Quagmire: The War on Drugs and Its Impact on American Society 19-20 (2007). While blacks and whites engage in drug offenses at roughly the rate, 56% of the people in state prisons from drug offenses are African-American. Id. at 20. Black men enter state prisons on drug charges at ten times the rate of white men. Jamie Fellner, A Drug Abuse Policy that Fails Everyone, Huffington Post, Aug. 10, 2010. As it relates to the infamous crack cocaine, while two-thirds of the regular crack users are white or Latino, 82% of defendants sentenced in federal court for crack offenses are African-American. Quagmire, supra, at 19.