I'm pretty sure groups like the urban league, among others, are there for poverty stricken black people.
Maybe I'm looking at it with some sort of bias, but I've never thought of AA that way. I've always assumed the low skilled worker is the target for AA.
True, but there has never really been an organization that has made a Nationwide significant impact in helping poor blacks in the inner city. About 50%, or half of black people born into poverty leave poverty, so its certainly not impossible, nor do I think there needs to be an organization or policy that lifts blacks out of poverty. In this day and age, Conservatives should be proud of the progress blacks have made, considering being born in the projects and making it to the suburbs is about as "pulling yourself up by your bootstraps" as it gets.
Also, AA applies to any company or college with more than 50 employees, or anybody that takes Federal money, so in theory Walmart follows the guildlines of AA, but you don't need very many qualifications to get a job at Walmart (they hire ex convicts) and its pretty much a crap shoot. AA is big in colleges, such most colleges accept Federal money.